In South Africa, the need for investment is acute. Transport is so expensive for low-income groups that solutions must often be found outside the transport realm. In order to focus its investment, TDA first established the extent of the challenges it faces.
It set about ascertaining the real cost of transport priorities for each transport user group. This information was collated through the Transport Development Index (TDI). The TDI identifies the direct, indirect, and incidental cost of public transport for different user groups. The results exposed the reality of what apartheid caused and is still responsible more than 20 years later.
With the benefit of accurate, verifiable information provided by the TDI, TDA then set about meeting the transport investment challenge. To do this, TDA established the Municipal Land Transport Fund to receive, raise, invest, and expend money for transport-related functions, as referred to in the by-law.